Love scam

Romance scam

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A romance scam is a confidence trick involving feigning romantic intentions towards a victim, gaining their affection, and then using that goodwill to get the victim to send money to the scammer under false pretenses or to commit fraud against the victim. Fraudulent acts may involve access to the victim’s money, bank accounts, credit cards, passports, e-mail accounts, or national identification numbers; or forcing the victims to commit financial fraud on their behalf.[2][3]

This falsified passport was used in an actual Internet romance scam. The deception can be obvious to observers — for example, the photo on this passport does not comply with regulations for size or pose — but victims often overlook these signs.[1]
These scams are often perpetrated by organized criminal gangs, who work together to take money from multiple victims at a time.[4]
More money is lost each year to romance scams than to similar internet scams, such as technical support scams.[4]